Archaeobotanical studies in Greece and the eastern Mediterranean in general have been traditionally focused on prehistory. One of the significant contributions of Dr Margaritis’ research on a regional and international level is the retrieval, study and publication of archaeobotanical remains from sites dated to historical periods, adding to classical studies a set of materials that were not used before.

As a result of her published work on the subject, a significant number of projects have started extensive sampling for archaeobotanical remains under her supervision. The research not only focusses on the large cities of the Mediterranean such as Athens, Corinth, Portus (Rome), Nicosia, Paphos, Olynthos and Sikyon, but also includes rural sites and the relationship between urban and rural centers, changing the framework of research which previously focused only on the evidence from material culture and written sources.


The country house of Platania, Macedonia, Greece (4th century BC)


Relevant Publications

Margaritis, E., Pagnoux, C., Bouby, L., Bonhomme, V., Ivora, S., Tsirtsi, K. and Terral, J-F. 2021. Hellenistic grape and olive diversity: A case study from rural estates in Greece, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 38, 102842.

Douche, K., Tsirtsi, K. and Margaritis, E. 2021. What’s new during the first millennium BCE in Greece? Archaeobotanical results from Olynthos and Sikyon, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 38, 102782.

Nevett, L., Tsingarida, B., Archibald, Z., …, Margaritis, E., …, Valdambrini, Ch. 2020.  Constructing the ‘Urban Profile’ of an Ancient Greek City: Evidence from the Olynthos Project, Annual of the British School at Athens 115, 329-378.

O’Connell, T., Ballantyne, R., Hamilton, S., Margaritis, E 2019. Living and Dying at the Portus Romae, Antiquity 93, 369, 719-734.

Margaritis, E., 2017. Domestic and Ritual use of plants in Early Iron Age Greece, in A. Mazarakis Ainian, A. Alexandridou and X. Charalambidou (eds.), Regional Stories Towards a New Perception of the Early Greek World, University of Thessaly Press, Volos, 735-746.

Liu XY, Margaritis E, Jones MK., 2017. From the harvest to the meal in prehistoric China and Greece: A comparative approach to the social context of food. In: Lloyd G, Dong Q, Zhao JJ (eds.) Ancient Greece and China Compared Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Perspectives, G.E.R. Lloyd, J.J. Zhao (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 355-372.

Margaritis, E. 2016. Producing for the market in Hellenistic rural landscapes, in E.M.  Harris, D.M., Lewis and M. Woolmer (eds.), Beyond Self-Sufficiency: Markets, Households and City-States in the Ancient Greek World, 187-203, Cambridge University Press.

Margaritis, E. 2015. Cultivating Classical Archaeology: Agricultural Activities, Use of Space, and Occupation Patterns in Hellenistic Greece,” in Classical Archaeology in Context, Theory and Practice in Excavation in the Greek World, ed. D. C. Haggis and C. M. Antonaccio, New York, deGruyter, 333-354.

Karnava, A, Kolia, A. and Margaritis E., 2015. A Classical/Hellenistic Oil Pressing Installation in Foti-Vroskopos, Keos, in A. DİLER, K. ŞENOL and U. AYDINOĞLU (eds.), OLIVE OIL AND WINE PRODUCTION IN EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN DURING ANTIQUITY, Ismir, 107-124.

Margaritis, E.  2014. The taverna at Hellenistic Krania: cooking, eating, drinking and the identification of the use of space, Hesperia 83.1, 102-121.

Margaritis, E. 2013. Archaeobotanical Analysis: Seed assemblage from the refuse pit Fo221, in Verdan, S. (ed.) Le Sanctuaire d’Apollon Daphnéphoros à l’époque géométrique, École d’archéologie en Grèce, Suisse, 267-269.

Margaritis, E. 2010. Agriculture and industries at Mochlos, in Vogeikoff-Brogan, N. (ed.), Mochlos IIΙ, The Late Hellenistic Beam Press Complex, INSTAP Academic Press, 123-129.

Margaritis, E. and Jones M.K. 2008a. Greek and Roman agriculture, in Oleson, G. (ed.) Handbook of Engineering and Technology in the Classical World, Oxford University Press, 567-578.

Margaritis, E. and Jones M.K. 2008b. Crop-processing and Olea europaea L. Ethnographic and experimental approaches for the interpretation of charred olive remains, Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 17, 381-392.

Margaritis, E. and Jones M.K. 2008c. Olive oil production in Hellenistic Greece: The interpretation of charred olive remains from the site of Platania, Macedonia, Greece, Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 17, 393-401.

Margaritis, E. 2007. Iron Age economy in Greece, Talanta 38/39, 123-132.

Margaritis, E. and Jones M.K. 2006. Beyond cereals: crop-processing and Vitis vinifera L. Ethnography, experiment and charred grape remains from Hellenistic Greece, Journal of Archaeological Science 33 (6), 784-805.