The cultivation of the two major Mediterranean fruit trees, olive and wine, for the production of   olive oil and wine is a turning point for the world’s economic history. Research here focuses on   various sites in Greece and Cyprus, using archaeobotany and a variety of other proxies (material  culture, geometric morphometry) to reconstruct the timeframe of the cultivation of t   these  fruit trees.

 Several publications of experimental and ethnographic work on the timeframe of the intensive   cultivation of olive and grape in Bronze Age Greece, on the archaeobotanical evidence on wine     and olive oil production have become seminal and are widely used as reference point in all   relevant studies.





MARGARITIS, E.,  Pagnoux, C., Bouby, L., Bonhomme, V., Ivora, S., Tsirtsi, K. and Terral, J-F. 2021. Hellenistic grape and olive diversity: A case study from rural estates in Greece, Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 38, 102842

MARGARITIS, E. 2013a. Distinguishing exploitation, cultivation, production and domestication. The olive in the 3rd millennium Aegean. Antiquity 87, 337, 746-757.

MARGARITIS, E. 2013b. Foodstuffs, fruit tree cultivation and occupation patterns at Dhaskalio, in Colin Renfrew et al. (eds.), The Sanctuary at Keros and the Origins of Aegean Cult Practice: Excavations at Dhaskalio and Dhaskalio Kavos, Keros 2006 – 2008, Vol. I. McDonald Institute Series, Cambridge, 389-404.

MARGARITIS, E. 2013c. Arboriculture in the dawn of the Bronze Age in Crete, in P.P. BETANCOURT (ed.) Aphrodite's Kephali: An Early Minoan I Defensive Site in Eastern Crete, Philadelphia: INSTAP Academic Press, 111-115.

Margaritis, E. 2013d. Archaeobotanical Analysis: Seed assemblage from the refuse pit Fo221, in Verdan, S. (ed.) Le Sanctuaire d’Apollon Daphnéphoros à l’époque géométrique, Ecole d’archéologie en Grèce, Suisse, 267-269.

MARGARITIS, E. & JONES, M.K. 2008a. Crop-processing and Olea europaea L. Ethnographic and experimental approaches for the interpretation of charred olive remains, Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 17, 381-392.

MARGARITIS, E. & JONES, M.K. 2008b. Olive oil production in Hellenistic Greece: The interpretation of charred olive remains from the site of Platania, Macedonia, Greece, Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 17, 393-401.

MARGARITIS, E. & JONES, M.K. 2006. Beyond cereals: crop-processing and Vitis vinifera L. Ethnography, experiment and charred grape remains from Hellenistic Greece, Journal of Archaeological Science 33 (6), 784-805.